R. F. DURYEA.
VEHICLE SGNALING DEVICE. APPLICATION man nec. 29. 1915.
Patented Dec. 12, 1916.
lHIHHHIHHHHHHHHHHIHHHH ulllll INVENTOR oer. I
ROBERT F.- IDURYEA, 0F SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
VEHICLE SIGNALING DEVICE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 12. 191.6..
Application flied December 29, 19,15. Serial No. 69,196.
BcI it linmvn that l. llonizn'r l". Delerm. a citizen ot' the l'nited States. residing in the citi' and count)l of San Francisco and State of California. have invented new and. useful Improvement in Vehicle Signaling Device-l of 1which the following is a speci iiuution.
ThinA invention relates to improvements in devices to he used in connection with vehiclen and especially those which are in advance. to Signal following persons or hirles` that eaid advanced vehicle is about to turn to either one aide or the other. or to stop. hack. or to pez-torni other .aumenten The inventionv consiste of e. stationary outer and a concentric. tui-noble inner cyl-- inder haring marked upon it arrows or indicationsl of the direction of turn about to he made or the stopping of the car. means for turning the cylinder to expose either of the indicating devices. and lights h v which said devices'are plainl)- shown.
It also comprises means for iiluniinating; theregister number and a hell or audible Signal which may he operated in conjunc tion with the visible indicators.
Having reference to the accompanying d1'a\vingf-. Figure l an exterior vie-a'. showing the outer cylinder and one of the- Figr. Q a longitudinal section of the two clvlindere. l@heaving the interior mechanism. Fig. E is a section through line 3-3 of Fig. 1. Fig. l is a section through line l-l of Fig. l. Fig. is n vien" of the indicating,1r marks.
.ls shown in the drawings. A is a casing. preferably cylindrical in Shape and attached to the rear portion of an automobile or other vehicle hv lai-achete. as at Q.
Sie a cylinder concentric 4within the c \'l inder A and pivoted. as at 4. so as to be turnahle within the outer cylinder. This cylinder is suliicientl;v shorter than the cylinder A'. to admit of operating mechanism between the ends of the two cylinders. The heads' of the inner cylinder have circumferential. segmental Alots around the upper part. and through these elots extends a tube tl which may contain the various electrical connecting wires necessari` for the operation.) From this tube and within the inner cylinder may be supported lamps 7, which, when in use. are electrically enerzed. At one end ofthe apparatus is xed a hell F4 and a hammer 9 i\ so pivoted to tue head ot' th@ outer c vlinder that it ma): he actuated to produce an audible signal. The actuating.r ineans'niav he a .-'olenoifl. electro uiag'net or other electrically actuated dcvice. as at 10.
The indicating.Y devices are here shown in =the case which allows the light,V to Shine upon the register number, which will be fixed to brackets upon the machine below the indicating apparatus.
In order to operate the interior cylinder and present either of the a'rrou'c 11 or 12. I have sl'iown solenoids 15 and 16 fixed to the innerv end of the head 1T of the outer cylinder. which maihe made of Wood saturated with parnliin or otherwise rendered an .electrical non-conductor. 13 and 16 are curved to tivo arcs having the saine radiusas the cylinder and have cores thatare connected together and to the pivot l. as shown at- 1S.
Suitable conducting wires pass through the tube 6 and are led to the magnet, the opposite ends being connected with any suitable actuating device Within reach of the operator. so that onlir b3" energizing one of said electroinag'nets the inner tube will he turned in one diiectiornor byenergizing the other it may; h turned in the opposite direction., or it ma)r be left standing'with the intermediatesignal in position. When the inner cylinder has thus been turnedlono of the indicators will be exhibited thron h the glass 14. so that anyone following t e vehicle will be at once instructed as to the intention of its driver. The length of the cylinder should be approximatelythat of the number register, so that the light: Blot;- through the bottom will plainly expose the number of the preceding car.
A constant tail light -and danger sig-nal 1:9 is tixed at one end of theipparatus and is always visible-through an opening 2o in the outer easing'.
The solenoids Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- In a vehicle signaling device, a c .'lndrical casing having' closedY ends and sight openings in its periphery, an inner cylinder having its ends closed and spaced from the ends of the casing to form end compartments, longitudinally arranged shafts fixed to the casing ends and rotatably 4supporting the inner cylinder, cylinder-rotating mens arranged in one end compastment, between one end of the casing and the adjacent end of -the cylinder, Jche ends of the cylinder being formed with arcuate slots arranged in proximity to the periphery of the cylinder, a source of light arranged in the other end compartment, between the 0pposite ends of the casing andv cylinder and visible through one of the lsight openings,
serre as a .steadying means for the latter,
.said tubular. member also haring both Sources' of light connected thereto and constituting the sole support for the sources of light aforesaid. l
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscrib ing witnesses.
ROBERT F. DURYEA..
JOHN H. HERRING, W. W. HEALEY.