Type-writing machine.

Abstract

Claims

A. G. F. KUROWSKI. TYPE WRITING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED FEB. 28. I918. Patented Feb. 6, 1917. INVENTOR: ATORNEY WITNESSES: ' ALFRED G. F. KUROWSKI, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO UNDERWOOD TYPE- WRITER COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF DELAWARE. TYPE-WRITING MACHINE. To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, ALFRED G. F. KUROW- em, a citizen of the United States, residing in Brooklyn, in the county of Kings, city and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Type 'riting Machines, of which the following is a specification. This invention relates to tally-strip mechanism, such as used in typewriting machines, etc. One object of my invention is to makeit feasible and convenient to make carbon impressions upon the tally-strip of entries made upon a bill or other primary worksheet, in any selected column in said bill. I provide at the right-hand end of the platen a special tally-strip platen, which may be made of substantially greater length than the ordinary tally-strip platen, and is illustrated as being about three times as long. The tally-strips are of the usual width, but provision is made whereby they may be adjusted to different places along this special platen, to receive carbon impressions of numbers written in 'difi'erent columns on the primary work-sheets, as may be desired from time to time. The tally-strip is carried upon spools, comprising a supply spool and a Winding spool, the tally-strip extending from the supply spool around the tally-strip platen to the winding spool, and by means of a pawl-and-ratchet mechanism connected to the winding spool, the strip can be line-fed regardless of the position to which the spools and strip may be adjusted along said special platen; this line-feeding operation preferably occurring automatically at the operation of releasing the usual feed-rolls from the bottom of the main typewriter platen. Provision is also made whereby the usual carbon strip, which may also be supplied from aspool, may be re-wound on its spool by means of a finger piece, regardless of the position to, which the spools are adjusted along the special platen. The three spools and strips are shift'able as a unit to the different desired positions along the tally-strip platen, and they may be held in any of three positions along said platen by means of a releasable lock. The tally-strip mechanism may be supported on an auxiliary frame carried on the platen frame. The auxiliary frame may Specificationpf Letters Patent. Patented Feb. 6, 1917. Application filed February 28, 1913. Serial No. 751,188. spools are all shifted as a unit to adjust the strips. The shifting frame may be locked in adjusted position,ras by means ofa latch, which engages notches at intervals along one of said spindles. The spindle carrying the carbon roll spool may be rotatable, as by means of a crank, to re-wind the carbonstrip, the spool having a splined connection with the spindle to permit adjustment. In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a front elevation of my improved tallystrip device, attached to the platen frame of an Underwood typewriter. Fig. 2 is a right end view of Fig. 1, showing the method of line feeding the tally-strip and a work-sheet in position. Fig. 3 is a perspective of the frame carrying and confining the carbon roll, tally-strip and winding spool, showing also the method of locking the said frame in position against accidental displacement. Figs. 4, 5 and 6 are details of the locking device. The usual platen 1 has an axle 2 jou'rnaled in .the ends 3 of a platen frame 4. Between the platen 1 and a platen frame end 3 is a segmental platen 5 Front and rear pressure rolls 6, 7 run along the under side of the platen 1 and are mounted on shafts 8 carried by arms 9 pivoted on a rod 10 fixed between the platen frame ends 3. These pressure rolls 6, 7 are castofi the platen 1, by depressing a lever 11 pivoted at 12 to a platen frame end 3, as shown in Fig. 2, and connected with a link 13 to a crank arm 14: on a shaft 15 having flats or'cams 16 to engage'and rock the arms -17 formed integral with thearms 9, causing the latter to swing outward from the platen 1 on rod 10, in the well-known manner. v Over the segmental platen 5 is a Winding spool 18 for a tally-strip 19 and a carbon roll and strip 20. v This winding spool 18-is splined with a screw 21 to a hollow shaft 22 supported on a rod 23 fixed between the platen frame ends 3, and is rotated or moved a step, each time the pressure rolls 6, 7, are cast off the platen 1 to remove or insert a work sheet 24. This is accomplished by a link 13 between the release lever 11 and cam shaft 15, normally engaging a tooth of ratchet wheel 26. The latter is fixed to hollow shaft 22, so that when said lever 11 is depressed, the link 13 and dog 25 rise, moving the ratchet wheel 26 on shaft 22, and turning spool 18 a step. Upon restoring the pressure rolls (5, 7 to the platen 1 again, dog 25 drops and takes up a position under the next tooth. v The tally-strip 19 and carbon roll 20 are mounted to rotate upon sleeves 27 fixed to a shifting frame 28, which is supported mainly upon a rod 29, fixed in an arm 30 pivotally supported upon the shaft 22, which acts with the shaft 31 as a guide for the said frame 28. This frame 28 forms the right-hand retainer for the tally-strip 19, the carbon roll 20 and winding spool 18. The latter also has a left confining plate 32 formed of the frame as shown in Fig. 3. If the frame 28 is moved laterally along the rod 29, the carbon roll 20, strip 19 and the winding spool will be carried along therewith. as a unit. a 4 To prevent the carbon roll 20 and strip 19 from sliding off the sleeves 27, the left confining plates 32 are locked to the ends of said sleeves by means of sliding latches 33 shown in Fig. 1. In order that the frame 28 may not become displaced during the operation of the machine, there is provided on said frame 28 a latch ,34 kept constantly seated by a spring 35 in one of a series of notches 36 in the rod 29. To shift the frame 28 into a new position, it is simply required to depress the finger piece 37 of the latch 34, which will then clear the notch 36 and be free to move laterally along the rod 29. i The carbon roll 20 may be rewound by turning a crank 38 fixed on the end of a hollow shaft 31, to which the carbon roll spool 40 is splined with a pin 41 in the hub 42 of the left confining plate 32 The said hollow shaft 31 is supported on the rod 43 fixed to the pivoted arm 30, 'hereinbefore mentioned. The rods 29 and 43 fixed in the arm 30, are supported at their left ends in the open bearings 44 of an arm 45, similar to the arm 30, said arms 30 and 45 comprising with said rods an auxiliary frame on which the frame 28 and spools are mounted. On this arm 45 there is a sliding bar 46 capable of being notch 36, and the frame 28, carrying the carbon roll 20, tally-strip 19 and winding spool 18, may be moved along the rod 29 into position, and again locked by said latch 34. As the work sheet 24 overlaps the carbon I 20 and tally strip 19, the type impressions made upon the work sheet are duplicated by the carbon upon the tally strip. \Vhen the feed rolls 6, T are released to remove the work sheet 24 at the completion of the writing, the dog 25 on the release-lever connecting-link l3 automatically line-feeds the tally-strip and carbon. If another class of bills is then to be written, in which it is desired that the column of items which are to go upon the tally-strip shall be in a different columnar position on the bills, the spools may be adjusted as a unit along the platen to bring the strip to position to receive the carbon duplicates of such items. It will be noted that the tally-strip unit may be locked in three different positions, thus giving a wide range of usefulness to the machine; although there may be even more locking positions for the device if desired. Thus it will be seen that the narrow tally-strip can be adjusted to take in any selected column from a number of columns on the primary Work-sheet. This device, it will be seen, makes it unnecessary to provide a triple-width tallystrip, and also overcomes the objection to such a wide tally-strip that the items in the three columns on the primary work-sheet would all be reproduced on the wide tallystrip, even though the items on only one column were wanted on such tally-strip. Moreover, the objection is avoided of the undue weight of a triple-width tally-strip, which would be liable to reduce the speed of operation of the typewriter carriage. Variations may be resorted to within the scope of the invention, and portions of the improvements may be used without others. Having thus described my invention, I claim: 1. The combination with a main platen, of a tally-strip spool, a carbon strip spool. a tally-strip platen substantially exceeding in length the width of said spools or the strips thereon, said spools being adjustable to different positions along the tally-strip platen, releasable pressure roll mechanism for the main platen, means rendered effective by the operation of said releasable roll mechanism for line-feeding the tally-strip and carbon strip regardless of the position to which they are adjusted along said tallystrip platen,-means connecting the s'peiols to shift them as a unit along said platen, means for holding them when shifted, and means for re-winding said carbon-strip spool regardless of the position to which it is shifted along the tally-strip platen. 2. In combination with a revoluble platen and a stationary segmental platen arranged end to end and together extending between the ends of a platen frame, a tally-strip, rotate upon bearings attached to a frame. confining the said winding spool, to permit shifting the entire device laterally along said segmental platen, and a latch on said frame to lock the device in position. 3. In combination with a .revoluble platen and a stationary segmental platen arranged end to end and together extending between the ends of 'a platen frame, a tally-strip and a carbon roll from which a carbon strip is adapted to be fed around said segmental platen, a winding spool, means to rotate said spool and wind said strips thereon, and a frame located beyond the end of the revoluble platen; said tally-strip, carbon roll "and winding spool mounted in said frame and shiftable laterally along said segmental platen. 4. In combination with a revoluble platen and a stationary segmental platen arranged end to end and together extending between the ends of a platen frame, a tally-strip and a carbon roll from which a carbon strip is adapted to be fed around said segmental platen, a winding spool, means to rotate said spool and wind said strips thereon, a drive shaft to which saidwvinding spool is splined, and a frame at the end of the revoluble platen in which said winding spool, tally-strip and carbon roll are shiftable to adjust the position of the said strips along said segmental platen. Th'e'combination with a main platen, of a tally-strip supply spool, a tally-strip winding spool, a tally-strip platen extended to exceed in length the width of the spools or the strip thereon and over which the tally-strip extends between the spools, the s])00lS being connected for adjustment as a unit to adjust the tally-strip to diflerent positions along the tally-strip platen, said platens being arranged end to end with their printing surfaces in position to permit a work-sheet on the main platen to extend laterally beyond the main platen over extended to exceed in length the width of the spool or the strip thereon and over which the tally-strip extends between said spool and support, means for connecting the spool and tally-strip roll foradjustment as a unit to different positions along the tally-strip platen, said platens being arranged end to end with their printing surfaces in substantial alinement to permit a work-sheet to extend over both printing surfaces, releasable pressure-roll mechanism for the main platen, means rendered effective by the operation ofsaid releasable-roll mechanism for line-feeding the tally-strip regardless of the position to which it is adjusted along said tallystrip platen, and releasable means for locking the winding spool where adjusted at different points along the tally-strip platen. 7. In combination wit-h a revoluble platen and a stationary segmental platen arranged end to end and together extending between the ends of a platen frame, a tally-strip roll and a carbon roll from which a tally-strip and carbon-strip are adapted to be fed around said segmental platen, a winding spool, means to rotate said spool and wind said strips thereon, a frame confin ng the said winding spool, and bearings attached to said confining frame, said tally-strip and carbon rolls being mounted to rotate upon said bearings, the entire device comprising said confining frame, winding spool and strips, being shiftable laterally along said segmental platen. 8. In combination with a revoluble Platen and a stationary segmental platen arranged end to end and together extending between the ends of a platen frame, a tally-strip roll and a carbon roll from which a tally-strip and a carbon-strip are adapted to be fed around said segmental platen, a winding spool, means to rotate said spool and wind said strips thereon, a supporting frame comprising bearing rods parallel with the platens and on which said carbon roll, tallystrip roll and winding spool are mounted and shiftable laterally to bring said strips to different positions of adjustment along their platen. and connecting means for the carbon roll, tally-strip roll and winding spool to cause them to move together as a unit during said adjustment. 9. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen frame and a rotary platen, of a shifting frame, a tally-strip winding spool on said shifting frame, a supply spool on said shifting frame and from printing surface forming a support for the tally-strip separate from the said rotary platen, and extended to exceed in length the Width of the tally-strip spool. 10. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen frame and a rotary platen thereon, of a tally-strip platen, said platens arranged end to end with their printing surfaces arranged to permit a worksheet to overlie the printing line of both platens, a winding spool for a tally-strip, a supply spool from which the tally-strip extends around the tally-strip platen, and over the printing surface of the latter to said winding spool, the tally-strip platen being of materially greater length than the widthof the tally-strip, and a frame carrying said spools and adjustable to bring the tally-strip to different positions along the tally-strip platen. 11. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen frame and a rotary platen thereon, of means to feed a worksheet over said platen, a tally-strip platen, said platens arranged end to end with their printing surfaces substantially in alinement so that the work-sheet may overlie both printing surfaces, a frame carrying a tallystrip, the latter extending around the tallystrip platen over the printing surface thereof, the tally-strip'carrying frame adjustable to shift the tally-strip laterally along its platen to bring said strip to different colunmar positions along the work-sheet, the tally-strip platen being of materially greater length than the width of the tally-strip to form a backing for the tally-strip in all positions of adjustment of said strip, and a locking device to lock said adjustable frame in different positions of adjustment. 12. The combination with a platen frame and a rotatable platen thereon, of an auxiliary frame comprising spindles extending parallel with the platen, a winding spool for a tally-strip, a supply spool from which the tally-strip extends to the winding spool, said tally-strip and a work-sheet placed on said platen being arranged in superposed relation, said spools being mounted on said spindles and adjustable therealong, and an adjusting frame connecting said spools to cause them to be simultaneously adjusted. 13. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen frame and-a rotary platen thereon, of a tally-strip platen, said platens arranged end to end with their printing surfaces substantiallyin alinement, a frame comprising spindles extending parallel with the platens, a winding spool for a tally-strip, a supply spool from which the tally strip extends around the tally-strip platen to the winding spool, said tally-strip platen and said spindles being of substantially greater length than the width of the tally-strip, and a shifting frame supporting said spools, said shifting frame and spools mounted on said spindles and adjustable therealong, to bring the tally-strip to different positions along its platen. 14. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen frame and a platen, of a winding spool for a tally-strip, a supply spool from which the tally-strip may be fed to the winding spool, the tally-strip being supported in such position that a work-sheet placed on said platen may overlie the tally-strip. a spool on which a carbon roll is mounted and, from which a carbon-strip may extend over the printing line between the said work-sheet and tally-strip, line-space mechanism to rotate the 'winding spool to wind the tally-strip thereon, and a device for rotating the carbon roll and rewinding the carbon-strip thereon. 15. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a main rotary platen, of a tallystrip platen arranged at one end of said main platen, the printing surfaces of said platens being in substantial alinement and arranged to permit a work-sheet supported on the main platen to extend over the printing surface of the tally-strip platen, means to support a tally-strip extending over the tally-strip platen, said tally-strip and worksheet being in superposed relation at the printing surface of the tally-strip platen, means for shifting the tally-strip along its platen to bring it to different columnar positions along the work-sheet, the tally-strip platen being of materially greater length than the width of the tally-strip to permit said shifting of the latter, feed rolls for the main platen, a key for throwing said feed rolls off the platen, and means controlled by the operation of said key to feed the tally-strip over its platen, whereby the tally-strip is line-spaced each time said feed rolls are actuated to permit the replacing of a work-sheet by a subsequent worksheet. 16. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a main rotary platen. of a tallystrip platen arranged at one end of said main platen, the printing surfaces of said platens being in substantial alinement and arranged to permit a worksheet supported on the main platen to extend over the printing surface of the tally-strip platen, means to support a tally-strip extending over the tally-strip platen, said tally-strip and worksheet being in superposed relation at the printing surface of the tally-strip platen, means for shifting the tally-strip along its platen to bring it to different columnar posi-v tions along the work-sheet, the tally-strip platen being of materially greater length than the width of the tally-strip to permit said shifting of the latter, feed rolls for the main platen, a key for throwing said feed rolls off the platen, means controlled by the operation of said key to feed the tally-strip over its platen, whereby the tally-strip is line-spaced each time said feed rolls are actuated to permit the replacing of a worksheet by a subsequent work-sheet, a carbonstrip roll, means for supporting said roll in position for a carbon-strip to be fed therefrom around the tally-strip platen between the tally-strip and work-sheet, and means connecting the tally-strip support and carbon-roll support for causing the tally-strip and carbon-strip to be shifted as a unit. 17. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen frame and a main r0- tary platen thereon, of a tally-strip platen arranged at one end of the main platen, the printing faces of the platens being in substantial alinement, so that a work-sheet placed on the main platen will project lat erally over the tally-strip platen, an auxiliary frame forming a support for a tallystrip mechanism, said frame comprising spindles arranged parallel with the platens, a supply spool mounted on one of said spindles, a winding spool mounted on another ofsaid spindles and on which is wound a tally-strip extending from said supply spool around the tally-strip platen to the winding spool, a carbon-strip spool mounted on another of said spindles and from which a carbon-strip may extend around the tallystrip platen between the tally-strip and work-sheet, said tally-strip platen being of substantially greater length than the width of said strips, said spools shiftable along said spindles to shift the said strips to different positions along the tally-strip platen, a shifting frame connecting said spools and shifting therewith to cause them to be shifted as a unit, means to hold said shifting frame in its'shifted position, feed rolls for the main laten, a key for throwing said feed rolls 0 the platen, and means controlled by said key for rotating the spindle carrying the winding spool and thereby rotating the winding spool and imparting line-space feeding movement to the said strips when the key is actuated. 18. The combination with a main platen, of a tally-strip supply spool, a tally-strip winding spool, and a tally-strip platen substantially exceeding in length the width of the spools or the tally-strip thereon, and over which the tally-strip extends between the spools, said spools being adjustable to adjust the tally-strip to different positions along the tally-strip platen, the tally-strip platen being located beyond the end of the main platen in such position that a work-sheet on the main platen may extend laterally therebeyond into position to overlie the portion of the tally-strip platen over which the tally-strip extends. 19. The combination witha main platen, of a tally-strip supply spool, a tally-strip tatable to advance the work-sheet thereon relatively to the tally-strip, and means to feed the tally-strip independently of the rotation of the main platen. 20. The combination with a main roller platen, of a tally-strip platen located beyond the end of the main platen with its printing surface in alinement with the printing surface of the main platen, means for guiding and feeding a tally-strip over the tally strip platen, in contact therewith, the tally-strip platen being of greater length than the width of the tally-strip, means to adjust the tally-strip along its platen toward and from the main platen, to occupy different positions relative to a-work-sheet on the main platen and extending laterally into position to overlie the tally-strip, and means to guide and feed around the main platen and in contact therewith a work-sheet having one border thereof overlying the tally-strip. 21. The combination with a main platen and means for feeding a work-sheet thereover, of a tally-strip platen, means for supporting a tally-strip and feeding it over thetally-strip platen, said platens being so arranged that a work-sheet, on the main platen and in contact therewith may extend laterally into position to overlie the tally-strip platen with the tally-strip and said work-sheet positioned one over the other, and said tallystrip platen being extended to exceed in length the width of the tally-strip, and means for adjusting the tally-strip transversely along the tally-strip platen to position it opposite different portions of said work-sheet. 22. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a main roller platen, of a tallystrip platen located beyond the end of sald main platen, with the printing surfaces of the platens in alinement, said platens arranged to permit a work-sheet on the main platen and in contact thereWithtoeXtend laterally beyond the main platen and overlie the tally-strip platen, means for supporting and guiding a tally-strip over the tally-strip platen, and means for adjusting the tally-strip along the tally-strip platen to cause different portion's'of the work-sheet to overlie the tally-strip, the tally-strip platen being extended so that its length exceeds the idth of the tally-strip. 23. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a. platen, of means including a 5 platelnfor supporting a tally-strip in a po sition beyond the end of said main platen, so that a work-sheet on the platen may extend I beyond the end of the platen and overlie the tally-strip, and means for adjusting the 10 tally-strip toward and from the platen to underlie difl'erent lateral portions of the work-sheet, the platen for said tally-strip being arranged so that a work-sheet in contact with the main platen may overlie the tally-strip; and said tally-strip platen being 15 greater in length than the Width of the tallystrip. ALFRED G. F. KUROWSKI. Vitnesses: F. E. ALEXANDER, J. A. BROPLEY.

Description

Topics

Download Full PDF Version (Non-Commercial Use)

Patent Citations (0)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle

NO-Patent Citations (0)

    Title

Cited By (1)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-2423430-AJuly 01, 1947Remington Rand IncDifferential line-spacing mechanism for typewriters